Rowan Candy

Rowan Candy

Professor, Optometry

Associate Dean for Research, Optometry

Departmental Liaison to Cognitive Science, Optometry


  • Ph.D., Vision Science, University of California Berkeley, 1997

Research interests

The development of visual function and the visual system in human infants. Neonates see poorly and undergo significant visual development over the first months after birth. Two particular goals are to understand the limits imposed on neonatal performance by specific structural immaturities in visual processing and the role of activity-dependent neural development in visual maturation.

Professional Experience

  • Research Associate, The Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute 1997-2000

Representative publications

Recent advances in cortical visual impairment (2001)
William V Good, James E Jan, Susan K Burden, Ann Skoczenski and Rowan Candy
Developmental medicine and child neurology, 43 (1), 56-60

Spatial vision deficits in infants and children with Down syndrome (2004)
Ffion M John, Nathan R Bromham, J Margaret Woodhouse and T Rowan Candy
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 45 (5), 1566-1572

The relationship between anisometropia and amblyopia (2013)
Brendan T Barrett, Arthur Bradley and T Rowan Candy
Pergamon. 36 120-158

Temporal dynamics of the human response to symmetry (2002)
Anthony M Norcia, T Rowan Candy, Mark W Pettet, Vladimir Y Vildavski and Christopher W Tyler
Journal of Vision, 2 (2), 1-Jan

Validation of the PowerRefractor for measuring human infant refraction (2006)
Pamela J Blade and T Rowan Candy
Optometry and vision science: official publication of the American Academy of Optometry, 83 (6), 346

Cues for the control of ocular accommodation and vergence during postnatal human development (2008)
Shrikant R Bharadwaj and T Rowan Candy
Journal of Vision, 8 (16), 14-14

Optical, receptoral, and retinal constraints on foveal and peripheral vision in the human neonate (1998)
T Rowan Candy, James A Crowell and Martin S Banks
Vision research, 38 (24), 3857-3870

The stability of steady state accommodation in human infants (2007)
T Rowan Candy and Shrikant R Bharadwaj
Journal of vision, 7 (11),

Accommodative and vergence responses to conflicting blur and disparity stimuli during development (2009)
Shrikant R Bharadwaj and T Rowan Candy
Journal of vision, 9 (11), 4-Apr

Uncorrected hyperopia and preschool early literacy: results of the vision in preschoolers–hyperopia in preschoolers (VIP-HIP) study (2016)
Marjean Taylor Kulp, Elise Ciner, Maureen Maguire, Bruce Moore, Jill Pentimonti, Maxwell Pistilli ...
Ophthalmology, 123 (4), 681-689

Normalization models applied to orientation masking in the human infant (2001)
T Rowan Candy, Ann M Skoczenski and Anthony M Norcia
Journal of Neuroscience, 21 (12), 4530-4541

Development of the spatial organization and dynamics of lateral interactions in the human visual system (2003)
Chuan Hou, Mark W Pettet, Vanitha Sampath, T Rowan Candy and Anthony M Norcia
Journal of Neuroscience, 23 (25), 8630-8640

Development of rivalry and dichoptic masking in human infants (1999)
Rick J Brown, T Rowan Candy and Anthony M Norcia
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 40 (13), 3324-3333

Human infants’ accommodation responses to dynamic stimuli (2007)
Grazyna M Tondel and T Rowan Candy
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 48 (2), 949-956

Accommodation and vergence latencies in human infants (2008)
Grazyna M Tondel and T Rowan Candy
Vision research, 48 (4), 564-576

Dissertation Committee Service

Author Dissertation Title Committee
Anderson, Joseph Walking to Reach: Binocular Disparity Matching and The Tau Hypothesis (January 2009) Bingham, G. (Co-Chair), Busey, T., Yu, C. (Co-Chair), Candy, R.
Wild, Heather Applying Signal Detection Theory to Evoked Response Potentials For Understanding Mechanisms of Bias and Sensitivity in Face Detection Tasks (September 2006) Busey, T. (Co-Chair), Candy, R., Gold, J., Townsend, J. (Co-Chair)